World Economy

Fitch Cuts Italy Rating Outlook

Italy sees deficit falling from 1.6% of GDP in 2018 to 0.8% in 2019.Italy sees deficit falling from 1.6% of GDP in 2018 to 0.8% in 2019.

Italy’s rating outlook was lowered by Fitch Ratings, which said the fiscal plans of the new government risk a degree of fiscal loosening.

Fitch changed the nation’s credit outlook to negative from stable. The rating company maintained its foreign long-term credit rating at BBB, a decision applauded by the Italian government and cited as proof of the credibility of its economic program, Bloomberg reported.

“The risk of a reversal of structural reforms negatively impacting Italy’s credit fundamentals has increased somewhat, in our view,” Fitch said in a report Friday. “Fiscal and other policy risks are compounded by the relatively high degree of political uncertainty.”

Concern about Italy’s budget has been an investor focus this summer, with bond yields pushed higher in response to the new populist government’s expensive electoral promises. Those include hefty tax cuts and some form of universal income for the poor that could have a negative impact on the country’s debt and deficit.

Fitch “correctly withheld judgment” by maintaining the foreign long-term rating, Finance Minister Giovanni Tria said during a trip to China, Ansa news agency reported. Government actions “in coming weeks” will convince agencies about Italy’s credit-worthiness.

The final make-up of the government program has yet to be decided. On Aug. 20, Moody’s Investors Service extended a review of Italy’s credit rating to get “better visibility” on the fiscal path and reform agenda.

The government is expected to set new public-finance and economic-growth targets by Sept. 27 and submit a draft budget to the European Commission by Oct. 15.

The Fitch decision to maintain the long-term rating unchanged was “fully justified” by the Italian economy, an official in the prime minister’s office said. The government is confident that future decisions on Italy’s creditworthiness will be positive and “without reservations”, due to indications already given on plans to reduce the country’s debt and promote growth.

Italy’s current targets, agreed with the EU, see the deficit falling from 1.6% of GDP in 2018 to 0.8% in 2019, with a balanced budget in 2020. Tria told Bloomberg News in July that his aim is not to worsen the structural-budget situation and possibly to improve it. Still, he’s also said that slower-than-expected economic growth means the deficit is heading toward 1.2% in 2019.

Italy’s public debt, at €2.3 trillion ($2.7 trillion), is already the highest in the eurozone after Greece as a proportion of GDP.

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