World Economy

Cuba Reshaping Gov’t, Economy

Cuba Reshaping Gov’t, EconomyCuba Reshaping Gov’t, Economy

Cuba revealed new details on Saturday about plans to reshape its government, courts and economy with a constitutional reform set to be approved by the national assembly this month.

Reform of the 1976 constitution would create the position of prime minister alongside the president, splitting the roles of head of government and head of state, AP reported.

The constitution keeps the Communist Party as the sole political force in the country and says the communist state will remain the dominant economic force.

The constitution does, however, create new recognitions of the free market and private property in Cuban society, and creates a new presumption of innocence in the justice system.

The proposed constitutional reform described in the main state paper Saturday is also expected to be approved in a later national referendum.

Officials say the 1976 charter does not reflect changes made in Cuba in recent years.

“The experiences gained in these years of revolution” and “the new paths mapped out” by the Communist Party are some of the reasons for reforming the constitution, the official Granma newspaper said Saturday.

The new constitution will maintain rights such as religious freedom but will also make explicit the principle of non-discrimination due to gender identity.

Cuba will officially recognize private property, something it has long rejected as a vestige of capitalism, under a new constitution, the state media reported.

Cuba’s current constitution only recognizes state, cooperative, farmer, personal and joint venture property, Reuters reported.

But former president Raul Castro’s market reforms, aimed at trying to boost the economy and make Cuban socialism more sustainable, have prompted hundreds of thousands of Cubans to join the ranks of the island’s self-employed since 2010, in new privately-owned businesses ranging from restaurants to beauty salons.


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