World Economy

China Tightens Grip on Yuan

China Tightens Grip on YuanChina Tightens Grip on Yuan

In rapid fire moves that have stunned investors, Chinese authorities have begun tightening control over the yuan, lifting it sharply in a concerted effort to restore market confidence and forestall risks of capital outflows and slower growth, policy insiders say.

Caught off-guard last month by a ratings downgrade by Moody’s Investors Service that gave fresh momentum to bearish yuan bets, traders said Beijing has reverted to its old play book—intervening in markets to bend them to its will, Reuters reported.

The key priority for authorities was maintaining market confidence ahead of a leadership transition later this year, policy insiders said, as growing debt risks, higher US interest rates, capital outflows and possible trade tensions with the United States threatened to knock the economy.

The policy insiders say last month’s introduction of a mysterious ‘counter-cyclical factor’ that increases the central bank’s influence over the yuan’s reference rate showed how serious authorities are about flushing out bearish bets and heading off any slide towards seven yuan to the dollar.

The move highlighted the challenge China faces between safeguarding economic and currency stability and speeding up capital market reforms—important steps in its quest to internationalize the yuan.

“They (authorities) are clearly tightening their grip (on the yuan), which is related to politics and diplomacy,” said a policy adviser.

“From monetary authorities’ perspective, they definitely do not want to see the yuan falling past seven—a landmark move that could affect market expectations,” the adviser said.

The People’s Bank of China, responding to Reuters’ request for comment, denied suggestions that it’s tightening control on the yuan via the counter-cyclical factor.

A second adviser said that with the Federal Reserve set to raise rates further at next week’s policy review, authorities are worried that capital outflows could drive persistent weakness in the yuan—the last thing Chinese leaders want before the closely-watched leadership transition in the autumn.

In 2015, a botched stock market rescue attempt tarnished Beijing’s reform and broad policy-making credentials.

The yuan has gained 2.2% versus the dollar this year, including 1.3% since May 24—when Moody’s downgraded China’s credit ratings for the first time in nearly 30 years, citing its mounting debt risks.

A Reuters poll predicted the yuan to slip toward 7.05 per dollar in 12 months.

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