World Economy

Rapid Increase in Foreign Workers in Japan

Rapid Increase in Foreign Workers in JapanRapid Increase in Foreign Workers in Japan

Japan's Labor Ministry has reported a record number of foreign workers for 2016 despite the Asian nation's general reluctance to accept migrants. But the labor-strapped country has no other choice. The number of foreign workers in Japan surpassed one million for the first time last year, as the labor-strapped Asian nation struggled to find enough domestic employees, DW reported.

The labor ministry said the figure was up nearly 20% from 2015, marking a new record for the fourth straight year. The rapid increase in foreign workers suggested Japan was increasingly turning to people from overseas to plug its labor shortages despite its traditional reluctance to accept them. The world's third-largest economy is facing its worst labor crunch since 1991 amid a shrinking and aging population which has prompted calls from the International Monetary Fund to resort to foreign workers to boost the economy.

The labor shortage is especially severe in the construction sector where demand has exploded ahead of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and for rebuilding programs following the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

The ministry said Chinese migrants made up over 30% of the foreign labor force, rising by 6.9% from the previous year. Vietnamese workers were in second place, accounting for around 16% of all foreign workers, up over 50% from 2015.

In December, the government expanded the scope of a system for accepting trainee workers from developing countries, while also creating a new visa status for nurses and domestic helpers.

It also aims to court highly skilled workers from overseas, such as academic researchers, by easing the path to permanent residency.


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