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Abe Should Tackle Reforms
World Economy

Abe Should Tackle Reforms

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe looks set to win a rare second consecutive term but economists predict he won’t use that victory to push through bold reforms such as labor market changes that are considered vital for long-term growth.

Instead, Abe, who took office in December 2012 pledging to reboot the economy, will stick to politically palatable policies of government spending and easy money–the first and second “arrows” of his “Abenomics” recipe, economists polled by Reuters said.

Abe has spent significant political capital this past year pushing unpopular legislation, expected to pass this month, that could let Japanese troops fight overseas for the first time since World War Two. He was also busy crafting a controversial statement to mark the 70th anniversary of that conflict’s end.

“He will draw a line under the issues of security and history in this session of parliament, and from autumn onward, the focus will be growth strategy,” a Japanese government source close to the administration told Reuters.

Fifteen economists who responded to a Reuters poll overwhelmingly said Abe in his next term should put priority on regulatory reform of the labor market and repairing a social security system burdened by a fast-ageing population.

Equally overwhelmingly, respondents expect Abe’s government instead to plump for an extra budget for the current fiscal year to bolster growth. About half also expect more monetary easing.

“Even with the weak yen, capital investment centered on the manufacturing sector is not growing. This shows ... expectations for growth are still insufficient,” said Kyohei Morita, chief Japan economist at Barclays Capital. “What is vital is to increase labor productivity and reform the labor market.

  Corporate Investment Sluggish

Abe has made progress reforming the energy, medical and farm sectors, but economists want more of the bold reforms that are the “third arrow” of Abenomics.

The yen has eased more than 30% against the dollar and Tokyo share prices and corporate profits have more than doubled since Abe took over as head of the then-opposition LDP in September 2012 and then led the party to victory at the polls.

But corporate investment is sluggish and wage rises have failed to keep pace with higher prices, dampening consumption.

GDP shrank an annualized 1.6% in the April-June quarter due to an export slump and weak consumer spending.

Delays in clinching a 12-nation pan-Pacific trade pact, the US-led Trans-Pacific Partnership, are weakening external pressures for difficult structural change, said Martin Schulz, a senior research fellow at Fujitsu Research Institute.

“Abe probably had a much bigger mandate at the beginning to implement reform,” he said.

Government efforts to address widening economic gaps ahead of an upper house election next July could also put structural reforms on the back burner. “This is what kills reform. That is a possibility,” Schulz said.

  Inflation Projections

Private economists made further cuts to their Japanese inflation projections, underlining skepticism about the Bank of Japan 8301 -0.11 % ’s ability to achieve its targeted 2% price growth next year.

According to the latest monthly poll of 41 economists by the think tank Japan Center for Economic Research, they now expect the core consumer price index will rise an average 0.18% for the fiscal year ending March, down from a 0.28% rise in the August survey and compared with the BOJ’s current expectation for a 0.7% rise.

The change marked the second straight month with a downward revision. The economists tip a 1.04% increase for the next year, down from a previous estimate of 1.17% and below the BOJ’s forecast for a 1.9% increase.

Those revisions may be a natural consequence of a recent slippage in global oil prices, because Japan’s core index excludes fresh food but includes energy prices.

Nevertheless, the fact that estimates stay well below the BOJ’s 2% target reflect a persistent lack of confidence in the central bank’s ability to generate higher inflation quickly.

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