65957
The new “essential medicines list” includes 39 antibiotics for 21 common syndromes, categorized into three groups.
The new “essential medicines list” includes 39 antibiotics for 21 common syndromes, categorized into three groups.

WHO Ranks Antibiotics in Bid to Counter Drug Resistance

WHO Ranks Antibiotics in Bid to Counter Drug Resistance

The World Health Organization published a new classification of antibiotics on Tuesday that aims to fight drug resistance, with penicillin-type drugs recommended as the first line of defense and others only for use when absolutely necessary.
The new “essential medicines list” includes 39 antibiotics for 21 common syndromes, categorized into three groups: “Access”, “Watch” and “Reserve”.
Drugs on the “Access” list have lower resistance potential and include the widely-used amoxicillin, Reuters reported.
The “Watch” list includes ciprofloxacin, which is commonly prescribed for cystitis and strep throat but “not that effective,” WHO assistant director general for health systems and innovation, Marie-Paule Kieny, told reporters.
Its use should be “dramatically reduced,” the WHO said.
“We think that the political will is there but this needs to be followed by strong policies,” Kieny said.
In the “reserve” category antibiotics such as colistin should be seen as a last resort. That prompts questions about how producers of such antibiotics could make money, said Suzanne Hill, WHO director of essential medicines and health products.
“What we need to do is stop paying for antibiotics based on how many times they are prescribed, to discourage use. We don’t want colistin used very frequently. In fact we don’t want it used at all,” Hill said.
The WHO classification takes into account the use of antibiotics for animal health use, and was developed together with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Organization for Animal Health.
Other changes to the list included the addition of two oral cancer treatments, a new pill for hepatitis C that combines two medicines, a more effective treatment for HIV, and new pediatric formulations of medicines for tuberculosis.
But the WHO also said Roche’s well-known flu drug oseltamivir, marketed as Tamiflu, may be removed from the list unless new information supports its use in seasonal and pandemic influenza outbreaks.
“There is an updated data set compared to when the committee evaluated this product last, and what that suggests is that the size of the effect of oseltamivir in the context of pandemic influenza is less than previously thought,” Hill said.
But oseltamivir was the only listed antiviral, and was still useful for pregnant women and patients with complications, so the drug should be restricted to the most critical patients, she added.

Short URL : https://goo.gl/hZW8gc
  1. https://goo.gl/OgQZHA
  • https://goo.gl/ywbLwv
  • https://goo.gl/BbYIzt
  • https://goo.gl/1SXknJ
  • https://goo.gl/sNEz4g

You can also read ...

JICA will help Iran carry out plans to improve land use and water management.
Japan and Iran have agreed to implement the second phase of a...
California Raises $640m for GHG Fund
The US state of California raised an estimated $640 million...
Local drug producers say Iranian medicine match the quality of foreign drugs.
Iran’s pharmaceutical industry is on a positive course and...
Free Dental Care
Dental care services for pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers...
New Chief  at FDA
Gholamreza Asghari, former head of Isfahan’s University of...
TCC Top Slots Officially Approved
Elections for the Tehran City Council chairmanship were held...
Trees Offer Services Worth $500m to Megacities
In megacities, which are home to nearly 10% of the world's 7.5...
37m Grapple With Water Shortage
Some 37 million Iranians are living in water-stressed regions...

Add new comment

Read our comment policy before posting your viewpoints

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.

Trending

Googleplus