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Docs Prescribe Antibiotics If Patients Expect Them

About one in four prescriptions issued for antibiotics in England  each year – about 10 million in all – are likely to be unnecessary.About one in four prescriptions issued for antibiotics in England  each year – about 10 million in all – are likely to be unnecessary.

Doctors are more likely to prescribe antibiotics if they think patients expect the drugs, a new study finds.

That’s true even if the doctor doesn’t think the patient has a bacterial infection, which means antibiotics would be ineffective, researchers said.

The study included more than 400 doctors in the United Kingdom. Researchers conducted two experiments and presented physicians with different scenarios where they had to decide if they would prescribe antibiotics. Doctors were more likely to do so if patients had high expectations of receiving antibiotics, webmed.com reported. 

The study was published Feb. 16 in the journal Health Psychology.

Improper and excessive use of antibiotics has been linked to antibiotic resistance, a major health threat worldwide. 

Antibiotic resistance has spread around the world, and it’s making some diseases, such as meningitis or pneumonia, more difficult to treat, requiring stronger, more expensive drugs. Or one might need to take them longer, not get well as quickly, or develop other health issues.

“Much effort has been spent encouraging physicians to adhere to clinical guidelines when prescribing antibiotics. However, with few notable exceptions, these efforts rarely address the non-clinical factors, such as how to tackle patients’ expectations,” study author Miroslav Sirota said in a journal news release.

“We do not intend our study to criticize physicians and how they prescribe antibiotics,” added Sirota, who’s with the University of Essex.

“Rather, we want to point out that the overprescribing of antibiotics is a serious systemic issue,” he said.

Sirota added that physicians and patients should work together to solve the problem. Patients need to have more realistic expectations about when antibiotics could help. And, doctors need to manage patients’ expectations if they contradict clinical guidelines. 

About one in four prescriptions issued for antibiotics in England each year – about 10 million in all – are likely to be unnecessary as patients deliberately look for “soft-touch” doctors who give in to their demands for the medicines, a leading health official had earlier warned.

Mark Baker, director of clinical practice at the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice), said the growing crisis of antimicrobial resistance, in which the profligate use of drugs has allowed bacteria to develop resistance, threatened healthcare and the “whole basis of medicine,” the Guardian reported.

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