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 Seasonal flu vaccines work by causing antibodies to develop in the body about 2 weeks after vaccination.
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‘One-Shot’ Universal Flu Vaccine in 5 Years

Scientists may have found a way to protect against flu and all future and mutated strains of flu through the use of a novel universal vaccine that only needs to be given once.
Flu is a respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. Ranging from mild to severe, the best way to prevent the flu is by getting vaccinated each year.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the annual flu epidemics are thought to result in between 3-5 million cases of severe illness worldwide and between 250,000-500,000 deaths every year.
McMaster University’s Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine in Canada, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, and the University of Chicago conducted the new research to build upon their earlier study that uncovered a class of antibodies that are capable of neutralizing the most dangerous types of influenza viruses.
The newly discovered antibodies can train the immune system to detect a part of the virus that remains the same each year, which could pave the way toward a universal flu vaccine that requires one injection with lifelong protective effects. Part of the virus is always recognizable - even as the virus changes and mutates - which means that the body can safeguard against flu, medicalnewstoday.com reported.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone 6 months of age and older should get the flu vaccine every season. The seasonal flu shot protects against three or four influenza viruses, the most common during the upcoming season.
Seasonal flu vaccines work by causing antibodies to develop in the body about 2 weeks after vaccination. These antibodies bind to the virus and prevent it from infecting cells.
Senior author Dr. Matthew Miller, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences at McMaster, says, “Our findings show that just having antibodies isn’t enough. You have to have antibodies that bind to very specific places on the virus. And so now we know the places where antibodies have to bind to call in these cells, we can modify our vaccines so that we can generate those antibodies in higher numbers.”
A universal flu vaccine could prevent mismatches between the vaccine and circulating viruses, and it could protect against all flu strains and the occurrence of flu pandemics.
“Using this knowledge, what we can now do is specifically design our universal vaccine to generate the most desirable types of antibodies and avoid antibodies that block the functions that we want.”
The findings - published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - could also assist with improvements to treatments for other diseases that could use antibodies which recruit white blood cells as a therapy, such as cancer and HIV.
Miller concludes that a universal flu vaccine could become available within the next 5 years.

 

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