AEOI to Establish National UV Index

AEOI to Establish National UV Index AEOI to Establish National UV Index

The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) has launched the national UV monitoring system in 18 provinces. So far, 10 provinces have been equipped to monitor the strength of ultraviolet rays, according to the health ministry’s head of the Radiation Bureau.

The system records the sun’s ultraviolet radiation; therefore based on the UV index the citizens in ‘vulnerable provinces’ can use protective devices (such as UV sunglasses, hats and use sunscreen) to prevent overexposure.

More than $64 million has been allocated to the national solar power information online network, IRNA reported. Over the next two weeks, the monitoring system’s website will be linked to the network, so the people and researchers alike can be informed of the UV index in different parts of the country.

 Chronic Effects

Prolonged exposure to the sun’s UV radiation may result in chronic health effects on the skin, eye and immune system. Excessive exposure causes sunburn ((erythema). Over the longer term, UV radiation induces degenerative changes in cells of the skin, fibrous tissue and blood vessels leading to premature skin aging.

Another long-term effect is inflammation of the eye. In the most serious cases, skin cancer and cataracts can occur.

At present UV radiation is the primary cause of skin cancer in the country. According to Iran’s cancer research institute, it is the most common type of cancer in men. Although gastric cancer is more dangerous, malignant melanoma skin cancer is far lethal.

Many people in the country suffer from premature skin aging due to the sun’s powerful rays, which in addition to health damage also incur high health costs.

Further, the rate of cataract is high in Iran with 70% of the cases attributed to UV rays.