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Standards Set for Kermanshah Handicrafts

Standards Set for Kermanshah HandicraftsStandards Set for Kermanshah Handicrafts

National standards were introduced for ‘tanbur’ and ‘giveh’, two famous handicrafts of Kermanshah Province, IRNA reported.

The technique used to produce the sole for the Persian hand-woven shoe, or giveh, and the Kurdish fretted string instrument called tanbur were standardized by the handicrafts department of Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization (ICHHTO), under the auspices of the provincial National Standards Organization.

The standards also describe features a Kermanshah tanbur should have, Nosratollah Sepehr, handicrafts deputy of the provincial ICHHTO said.

The two traditional crafts are widespread among the Kurds, especially in Kermanshah. Giveh is common in rural and mountainous areas of the province. Yazd is another production center of the footwear.


Iranian tanbur or tembur is mainly designed and made in Kermanshah, Kurdistan, and Lorestan. Tanburs of Kermanshah are more credible, especially those crafted in districts of Goran and Sahne. The instrument is locally called tamur, tamureh, tamyarah, ot tamyorah.

Tanbur is 80 cm long and 16 cm wide. The resonator, which has a pronounced sonority, is pear-shaped, and made of mulberry wood. The neck is made of walnut wood and has 14 frets, arranged in a semi-tempered chromatic scale.

Many tanbour makers follow the late master Assadollah Gahvare for solid body tanburs and the late master Khodaverdi for striped body tanburs.

Tanbur is played with a unique technique applying 3 fingers of the right hand.