Iran, Russia, Turkey Helped Consolidate Syria Truce

Sergei RyabkovSergei Ryabkov

The joint work by Tehran, Moscow and Ankara has considerably improved the situation in Syria, said Russia's deputy foreign minister.

"The situation on the ground in Syria has improved significantly, as Russia, Iran and Turkey managed to jointly consolidate the ceasefire," Sergei Ryabkov also said on Friday, Sputnik reported.

"We did not set the Astana process [sponsored by the trio] against the [UN-brokered] Geneva talks, and specifically Geneva 4, which was launched after all. I think, and everyone accepts this, we managed with our colleagues from Turkey and Iran to hold a number of events which allowed consolidating the ceasefire regime. So the situation on the ground improved significantly," he told reporters.

The Astana talks on Syrian crisis settlement brought together the representatives of the Syrian government and armed opposition groups for the first time in the six years of the Syrian war. As a result of the talks, Iran, Russia and Turkey agreed to establish a trilateral mechanism to monitor the ceasefire that came into effect on December 30, 2016.

Since 2011, Syria has been engulfed in a civil war, with government forces fighting against numerous opposition and terrorist groups, including al-Nusra Front and the self-styled Islamic State terrorist group, banned in a range of countries, including Russia.

"The Russian side is calling for a discussion on all topics related to the Syrian constitution as a priority. This would be correct from the point of view of providing the participants of the Geneva process with an opportunity to talk on the issues that interest them. We understand that the priorities do not coincide, but in our opinion the discussion on the issue of the constitution should and must become a unifying basis," Ryabkov stressed.

  Inclusive Dialogue  

Russia's deputy foreign minister noted that Moscow has called for an inclusive dialogue at the Geneva negotiations among all groups that were ready to take part in the peace settlement in the Arab country.

"Unfortunately, there are some forces that would prefer to limit this dialogue to the change of legitimate authorities in Damascus, which is unacceptable for us and for many others," he concluded.

The draft constitution was presented by Russia to the parties of the Syrian conflict during the negotiations in Astana that took place on January 23-24. Head of the Russian delegation, Alexander Lavrentyev, stressed that Russia was not interfering in consideration of constitution and presented the draft to the opposition simply to help accelerate the process.

Moscow has been conducting a counter-terrorist campaign in Syria since September 30, 2015, at President Bashar Assad's request.

The fourth round of the intra-Syrian talks between the government and opposition factions under the auspices of the UN was held in Geneva from February 23 to March 3.


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