Details of Measures Under JCPOA Outlined

Details of Measures  Under JCPOA OutlinedDetails of Measures  Under JCPOA Outlined

The foreign minister explained how Iran will pursue its measures under the July 14 nuclear deal with major powers, which was officially adopted on Oct. 18.

As contemplated in the accord between Iran and the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany), completion of Iran’s measures, which are subject to verification by the UN nuclear agency, is crucial to powers’ decision to lift sanctions against Iran.

Among Iran’s commitments are reconfiguring the Arak heavy water reactor, cutting the number of centrifuges in operation at nuclear sites and reducing the refined uranium stockpile to 300 kg, with maximum fissile purity of 3.67%.

“The redesign of the Arak reactor will most likely involve multiple projects rather than a single one,” Mohammad Javad Zarif said, adding that Iran will assume the management of all the projects.

On Adoption Day, Iran, China and the US released a joint statement on their cooperation to help redesign and reconstruct the Arak reactor.

According to the statement, Iran will take the leadership role as the owner of and manager for the projects, with support from other participants of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the official title of the nuclear pact.

Zarif said in an interview with ICANA on Tuesday the first stage of the three-party cooperation has been completed by the release of the joint statement.

“The second stage involves drawing up an official document to be signed by the foreign ministers or other relevant officials of Iran and the P5+1,” he said, adding, “The draft document has been prepared, but it is yet to be finalized and signed.”

The International Atomic Energy Agency, which has undertaken to investigate Iran’s past nuclear activities, is expected to announce its verdict on the issue in a final assessment report by December 15.

Iran has consistently denied that its nuclear program may have had a military dimension.

“Everything is expected to go smoothly,” the top diplomat said.

  LEU Swap

The arrangements to swap the surplus of low enriched uranium stocks with natural uranium will be made “exactly” based on the considerations of the Leader of the Islamic Revolution and in a way approved by the Supreme National Security Council and Parliament, Zarif said.

He said Iran allows IAEA inspectors to be present to monitor Iran’s implementation of its measures because it involves no risk to national security as the agency’s verification role entails examining the “quantity” of materials rather than their “quality.”