Majlis Gives Nod to JCPOA

Majlis Gives  Nod to JCPOAMajlis Gives  Nod to JCPOA

The Parliament voted on Sunday to approve the outlines of a bill that lays out conditions for implementation by the government of the 14 July nuclear deal with major powers, IRNA reported.

The pact, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, reached with the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany), provides for the lifting of sanctions in return for time-bound limits on Tehran's nuclear program.

In the vote, 139 lawmakers backed and 100 opposed the measure, with 12 abstentions.

Majlis Speaker Ali Larijani was among the supporters who addressed legislators before the voting.

"The bill is a national issue. We should have consensus on national matters," he said, adding that he had discussed the legislation with Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council Ali Shamkhani.

  SNSC Endorsement

"[Shamkhani] approved of it and even praised it for reflecting on the significant considerations [of the Islamic Republic]," he added.

Pursuant to a June bill, the JCPOA is subject to review by the Majlis and the SNSC before a decision is made on whether to allow its implementation.

Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi also spoke in the Parliament's Sunday session, while being interrupted several times by opponents of the measure.

"I reassure you that the JCPOA will be a source of honor for the people and … will safeguard national interests and sovereignty," Salehi said.

The legislation titled "the Iranian Government's Reciprocal Action on Implementation of the JCPOA", sponsored by the Chairman of the Majlis National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Alaeddin Boroujerdi, is composed of a single article and 9 clauses.

  Requirements for Enforcement

It requires the government to take into account the following considerations during the implementation of the action plan:

The current and future governments should seriously follow the international campaign for nuclear disarmament and be actively involved in efforts to help eliminate nuclear weapons and create nuclear weapons-free zones. Any threat or pressure from the other side to the JCPOA would result in Iran's reconsideration of its commitment to the accord.

The government is bound to closely monitor the other side's obligations to remove sanctions and, in the event of any breach, it should stop cooperation on the deal and move to increase nuclear activity back to previous levels and safeguard the rights of the Iranian people.

Long-term plans aimed at commercializing the nuclear program must be pursued by the government. The 15-year plan for enrichment and research and development should be drawn up by the AEOI, after approval by the SNSC, and submitted to the UN nuclear agency in the coming months. Redesigning of the Arak heavy water reactor and, if at all, the swap of enriched uranium for natural uranium should be conducted under reliable and binding agreements.

UN inspections of Iranian facilities should be carried out within the framework of international law. Any access for the UN nuclear watchdog to military sites or relevant persons is prohibited unless separately considered and authorized by the SNSC.

Necessary measures must be taken by the government and the armed forces to boost defense capabilities and defend allies of the Islamic Republic against threats from terrorists. All organs, including the government, must act according to decisions by the SNSC to prevent abuse by foreign states, especially the US, of the conditions to emerge in the wake of the deal to gain influence in the country.

Government officials will be bound to use the overseas frozen assets to be released after financial sanctions are lifted to promote the "resistance economy" plan, proposed by the Leader of the Islamic Revolution, to bolster production and investment and boost the National Development Fund.