Bill on Nuclear Pact Introduced

Bill on Nuclear Pact IntroducedBill on Nuclear Pact Introduced

The Parliament on Sunday voted to give "single-urgency" status to a bill that lays out conditions for implementation by the government of the 14 July nuclear deal with major powers, ISNA reported.  

The pact, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, reached with the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany), provides for the lifting of sanctions in return for time-bound limits on Tehran's nuclear program.

In the vote, 168 lawmakers voted in favor and 57 against the measure, with 9 abstentions.

The legislation titled "the Iranian Government's Reciprocal Action on Implementation of the JCPOA", sponsored by the Chairman of the Majlis National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Alaeddin Boroujerdi, is composed of a single article and 9 clauses.

***Requirements for Enforcement

It requires the government to take into account the following considerations during the implementation of the action plan:

The current and any future Iranian government should seriously follow the international campaign for nuclear disarmament and be actively involved in efforts to help eliminate nuclear weapons and create nuclear-free zones.

Any threat or pressure by the part of the other side to the JCPOA would result in Iran's reconsideration of its commitment to the accord.

The government is bound to closely monitor the other side's obligations to remove sanctions and, in the event of any breach, it should stop cooperation on the deal and move to increase nuclear activity back to previous levels and safeguard the rights of the Iranian people.

The government is obliged to pursue the system's long-term plan aimed at commercializing the nuclear program. The 15-year plan for enrichment and research and development should be drawn up by the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran and, after approval by the Supreme National Security Council, be submitted to the UN nuclear agency in the coming months.

"The initial mutually determined limitations described in this JCPOA will be followed by a gradual evolution, at a reasonable pace, of Iran's peaceful nuclear program, including its enrichment activities, to a commercial program for exclusively peaceful purposes, consistent with international non-proliferation norms," the deal says.

Redesigning of the Arak heavy water reactor and, if at all, the swap of enriched uranium for natural uranium should be conducted under reliable and binding agreements.

UN inspections of Iranian facilities should be carried out within the framework of international law. Any access for the UN nuclear watchdog to military sites or relevant persons is prohibited unless separately considered and authorized by the SNSC.

The government and the armed forces must take necessary measures to boost all defense capabilities and defend allies of the Islamic Republic against threats from terrorists.

The government and other organs must act according to decisions by the SNSC to prevent abuse by foreign states, especially the US, of the conditions to emerge in the wake of the deal to expand their influence in the country.

The government is bound to use the overseas frozen assets to be released after financial sanctions are lifted to promote the resistance economy, bolster production and investment and boost the National Development Fund.

Under a June parliamentary bill, the JCPOA is to undergo review by the Majlis and the SNSC before taking effect.

The report by a Majlis commission tasked with examining the accord was read out in Sunday's meeting of the Majlis.

***SNSC Blessing

In an address to lawmakers before the voting on the motion, Boroujerdi said the pact has been approved by the SNSC.

"(The council), which is made up of, among others, heads of the three branches of government and has the highest authority in the Islamic Republic to make important political and national decisions, has approved the JCPOA."

Now is the time for the Majlis to do its part by making its decision about the important issue, he added.

In defense of the motion, Boroujerdi said, "(It) has been prepared after a detailed consideration of all shortcomings of the JCPOA."

Majlis Speaker Ali Larijani also addressed the session in support of the legislation, saying it has been crafted "intelligently" taking account of all the red lines of the establishment, according to IRNA.