Ex-Diplomat Offers Roadmap for Normal Iran-US Ties
Former diplomat Hossein Mousavian thinks a big reason Iran has not struck a deal with the six major powers over its nuclear program boils down to a lack of understanding between Tehran and Washington, and a lack of US appreciation for gestures Iran has made.
He is in a position to know because he has held sensitive positions as a member of Iran's Supreme National Security Council and as a senior nuclear negotiator when President Hassan Rouhani served as the chief negotiator. Although Rouhani's stance was regarded as pragmatic, the nuclear talks broke down in 2005.
Mousavian studied in the United States before the Islamic revolution in 1979, the year when Iranian students took 52 Americans hostage at the US embassy in Tehran. Since 2009, he has been teaching at Princeton University. He says his book, "Iran and the United States: An Insider's View on the Failed Past and the Road to Peace", aims to explain the differences he sees as pre-dating the capture.
"The hostage crisis marks the Big Bang ostensibly as the beginning of the hostile relationship between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States," Mousavian told Reuters.
"Many of today's points of contention ... either did not exist or were insignificant at that time. There was no competition over hegemony in the region between the two countries, cultural differences had not emerged, the issue of Israel was a non-factor and there was no dispute over Iran's nuclear program."
Cycle of Mistrust
Mousavian says his book looks back to illustrate "how flawed analysis… has created a cycle of mistrust that has not been addressed -- let alone broken -- to this date.
"In fact, it has intensified as a result of coercive policies on the part of the United States," he said.
As an example of how the United States and Iran seem to pass like ships in the night, his book notes that Iran worked with the United States in 2001 to fight against the Taliban, toppled by a US-led military campaign after al Qaeda's September 11 attacks on US cities. But George W. Bush's "axis of evil" rhetoric squelched any hopes of a rapprochement with Iran. "The current state of Iran-US relations is shaky and unsustainable," he told Reuters. "The two are locked in a conflict spiral which, if not addressed, could end in a destructive war."
Asked what motivated him to write the book, he said, "Primarily to present a fresh and untold view from Tehran ... in hopes of better understanding the root causes ... and eventually bringing the Iran-US conflict to an end."
In response to a question about his proposed roadmap to peace, Mousavian said, "The United States should first decide their end goal. If the end goal is to make peace with Iran, then this book offers a feasible, comprehensive, phase-by-phase process ... The road to peace is certainly a bumpy one, but ... even factors such as Iran-Israel hostilities are not insurmountable hurdles for a comprehensive deal between Iran and the United States."