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Taiwan Diplomacy Harder Than Ever

Taiwan Diplomacy Harder Than Ever Taiwan Diplomacy Harder Than Ever

Diplomacy has never been easy for Taiwan and is becoming ever more complex as it is caught between the United States under an unpredictable leader and an increasingly assertive China, which claims the self-ruling island as its own.

In her strongest statement yet over pressure from China, Taiwan’s president Tsai Ing-wen blamed Beijing after Burkina Faso severed ties Thursday with Taipei, AFP reported.

Tsai said China was showing insecurity over “more substantial developments in relations between Taiwan and the US, and other like-minded countries.”

The US remains Taiwan’s most powerful ally and leading arms supplier, although it gave up official diplomatic ties in 1979 to recognize Beijing.

In recent months, it has made a series of new overtures—President Donald Trump signed a symbolic bill paving the way for mutual visits by high-level officials and Washington gave long-awaited approval for a license necessary to sell submarine technology to Taiwan.

Yet while Taiwan’s relationship with the US is essential to its security, it must also guard against riling China, its biggest military threat but also the dominant market for the island’s export-driven economy.

Beijing officials have described ramped-up Chinese military drills near Taiwan as a warning against asserting its sovereignty. Analysts say they are also a message to Washington.

Foreign minister Joseph Wu—whose resignation over Burkina Faso was rejected by Tsai—said earlier this month that furthering Taiwan-US relations must be done “in a very cautious manner.”

He described the government as seeking to “advance bilateral interests without creating any kind of trouble for anyone else.”

 New Friends

While Taiwan calls itself a sovereign country, the island has never formally declared a split from the mainland and China sees reunification as its eventual goal.

Since Tsai came to power two years ago, Beijing has become increasingly hostile and is highly suspicious of her traditionally pro-independence party.

China is using its clout to shut Taiwan out of international meetings and pressure companies to list the island as a Chinese province on their websites.

To mitigate against Beijing’s suppression, Taipei is making a concerted effort to win more international backing.

Tsai is pursuing new business and cooperation with other nations, including through her “southbound policy”, which targets 16 South and Southeast Asian countries, as well as Australia and New Zealand.

More countries than ever had voiced support for Taiwan after Beijing blocked it from a major meeting of the World Health Organization earlier this month, said Tsai, who cast it as a sign the island was gaining global recognition.

“Taiwan needs to form a broader coalition of willing friends to supplement the support it gets from the US,” said Jonathan Sullivan, director of the China Policy Institute at Nottingham University, although he added the US remains the island’s top foreign relations priority because of its influence.

Observers say growing frustration with Beijing has prompted the latest supportive gestures from the US toward Taiwan as trade tensions between the world’s two largest economies escalate and concerns mount over China’s assertiveness in the region.

CAPTION: Tsai Ing-wen

 

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