Environment
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Air Pollution Behind Tree Malnutrition

Recent studies recorded signs of tree malnutrition across Europe.Recent studies recorded signs of tree malnutrition across Europe.

Air pollution from farms, diesel engines and factories is leaving trees malnourished by killing off the fungi that feed them with nutrients, and "alarming" levels of disease in British trees are being caused by air pollution, a study has found. Trees across Britain and Europe have recently shown signs of illness, including discolored leaves and sparse growth of leaves, Xinhua reported.

Toxic levels of nitrogen in rainwater also appear to be breaking up ancient fungal highways, known as the "wood-wide web," through which trees exchange essential compounds.

Between 15% and 90% of forests in Britain are thought to be stricken by pollutants that trickle down into the soil and disrupt the communities of microbes gathered around tree roots.

Now it has been found that the culprit is air pollution—causing "malnutrition" in trees by harming beneficial fungi in the roots.

As a result, researchers say legal limits on air pollution are set too high and need to be reduced. Researchers from Britain's Imperial College and Kew Gardens studied 13,000 soil samples at 137 forest sites in 20 European countries.

  Alarming Trend

The authors, writing in the journal Nature, said recent studies recorded signs of tree malnutrition across Europe. Over the past ten years, they examined the fungi's tolerance to pollution. Lead researcher Martin Bidartondo, from the department of life sciences at Imperial College and Kew Gardens, said, "There is an alarming trend of tree malnutrition across Europe, which leaves forests vulnerable to pests, disease and climate change."

"A major finding of the study is that European pollution limits may be set far too high," he said. "In North America, the limits are set much lower, and we now have good evidence they should be similar in Europe."

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