Iraq Employs Drones to Monitor Crude Pipelines

Baghdad is concerned about the security of its oil facilitiesBaghdad is concerned about the security of its oil facilities

The Iraqi government announced plans to use drones to monitor and protect its export and production pipelines in the first quarter of next year.

Reuters reported on Monday that Oil Minister Jabbar al-Luaibi is looking for professional security companies that can supply Iraq with drones.

The Iraqi government is concerned about the security of its oil facilities. The bulk of Iraq's exports move through a handful of terminals on Iraq's narrow Persian Gulf coast, making its exports vulnerable to attack from other countries or militant groups, Oil Price reported.

Iraqi authorities said the drones will allow Iraq's military to keep a continuous watch over its oil terminals within Iraqi territorial waters of the Persian Gulf.

The idea of using drones is not exactly new. Back in 2012, Iraq said it would use unmanned drones to help protect its southern oil platforms, following the withdrawal of the American troops. However, in May this year, media reported that the US has agreed to sell a dozen or so of the US Navy's Scan Eagle unmanned drones to Iraq's Navy as part of an effort to help protect the nation's oil exports amid growing tensions in the Persian Gulf.

Back in May, US Office of Security Cooperation-Iraq, which operates out of the US Embassy and manages US military sales programs in Iraq, confirmed the sale of the drones.

Iraq is also hoping to balance international concerns about Iran's threats to cut off oil shipments to some European countries that import Iranian oil. Iraq said it is not worried about whether Iran views Iraq's progress as a threat.

For the first six month of 2017, Iraq has boosted oil production to 3 million barrels per day, up from about 2.5 million before the invasion. However, the country’s output fell last month by 120,000 barrels a day—the most since January—as the central government clashed with the Kurds, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That meant Iraq pumped 4.35 million barrels a day in October.

Drones entered the oil industry a decade ago, when the US Federal Aviation Administration gave the British BP the first authorization to use them in its oilfields in Alaska where human presence is very scarce.


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