Floating Solar Farm Reflects China’s Clean Energy Drive

Floating solar panels in China.Floating solar panels in China.

As the United States was withdrawing from the Paris climate pact, China’s clean energy ambitions were being reflected in the launch of the world’s largest floating solar farm.

The 40-megawatt power plant has 160,000 panels resting on a lake that emerged after the collapse of a coal mine in central Anhui Province. It is part of Beijing’s effort to wean itself off a fossil fuel dependency that has made it the world’s top carbon emitter, with two-thirds of its electricity still fuelled by coal, AFP reported.

The solar facility went online around the time of US President Donald Trump’s much-criticized June 2 decision to withdraw from the international accord aimed at saving the planet from climate change catastrophe.

His move shifted the spotlight onto China and whether it will take on the leadership mantle in the fight against global warming.

Days after his announcement -- and by coincidence -- Beijing hosted an international conference on clean energy.

It was an opportunity for China, which already produces two-thirds of the world’s solar panels, to boast of its commitment to accelerating investment and reforms for greater use of renewable energies.

“The withdrawal of US from the Paris agreement offers China an unprecedented opportunity to take the lead in climate change,” energy expert Frank Yu of Wood Mackenzie consultancy told AFP.

China has been the world’s largest investor in clean energy since 2012, spending $88 billion on wind and solar power last year, according to Bloomberg News. China’s solar capacity more than doubled in 2016.

The official goal is for 20% of Chinese power consumption to come from low-emission energy, including nuclear, by 2030, compared to 11% currently.

Beijing hopes to combat endemic air pollution, but is also motivated by financial interests, as the country “is already reaping the economic benefits” of clean energy, said Helen Clarkson, president of the Climate Group.

With the US administration out of the Paris pact, China has signaled its readiness to deal with US local governments to advance its climate agenda.

“I’m trying to wake people up to deal with climate change,” California Governor Jerry Brown told AFP on the sidelines of the conference in Beijing. “China is an ally in that and it has tremendous resources and I want to work with those resources in a way that will accelerate our climate action.”

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