India Set to Buy Iran Oil for Emergency Reserves

India seeks to hedge against energy  security risks.India seeks to hedge against energy  security risks.

India is set to buy 6 million barrels of Iranian crude for its strategic oil reserves as negotiations with the United Arab Emirates' national oil company for supplies are stuck over commercial terms, industry sources said.

Such purchases by the world's No.3 crude importer would boost Iran's drive to ramp up its oil shipments as it looks to regain market share following the lifting of sanctions over its nuclear program in January, Reuters reported.

Oil markets have been keenly focused on Iranian export volumes over the last few weeks as they get closer to pre-sanction levels - a milestone that Tehran has said is a precondition for discussing a global output freeze to boost crude prices.

India, seeking to hedge against energy security risks as it imports about 80% of its oil needs, is building emergency storage in vast underground caverns to hold a total of 36.87 million barrels of crude, enough to cover almost two weeks of demand.

Three industry sources with direct knowledge of the matter said India would buy 6 million barrels of Iranian Mix crude from the National Iranian Oil Company in October and November to fill half the Mangalore storage facility in the southwestern state of Karnataka. They declined to be identified as they were not authorized to speak with media.

State firm Bharat Petroleum Corp (BPCL) will buy 4 million barrels in two very large crude carriers and Mangalore Refineries and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL) will import 2 million barrels, the three sources said. They did not give pricing details.

  Suitable for Refineries

"The two refiners decided to buy Iranian Mix as it suits their refineries," said one of the sources.

The step comes as Iran's daily crude exports to India surged to the highest level in 15 years in August.

India in 2014 began talks to lease part of its strategic storage to Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (ADNOC). Under such a deal, India would have first rights to the stored crude in case of emergency, while ADNOC would be able to move cargoes to meet any shift in demand.

"Talks have not moved forward with ADNOC despite several rounds of discussion. We (India and the UAE) are stuck on commercial terms," said one of the sources.

To take advantage of falling oil prices pending the conclusion of a deal with the UAE, India's oil ministry instructed BPCL and MRPL to select a grade to fill half the Mangalore facility, the sources said. They chose Iranian Mix.

The Indian side last week discussed Iranian oil purchases with Safar Ali Keramati, deputy director at NIOC for crude marketing and operations.

"If (Indian customers) come to us for extra barrels, then we will do our best to accommodate their demand," Keramati told Reuters.