Algeria Oil Corruption Trial Resumes

Algeria Oil Corruption Trial ResumesAlgeria Oil Corruption Trial Resumes

Five years after it first came to light, the trial began Sunday for one of Algeria’s most notorious corruption scandals involving the state-run oil company that generates most of the country’s revenue.

In a packed courthouse that included the ambassadors of Italy, the US and Germany, prosecutors read out the charges against former head of Sonatrach, Mohammed Meziane, his two sons, and 16 other company officials.

Charges include influence peddling, inflating contract prices, money laundering and skimming off millions of dollars in bribes, Fuel Fix reported. The judge adjourned proceedings to an unspecified date in the next three months and said the missing witnesses could be compelled by police to attend.

The scandal was revealed in 2009 after an investigation by Algeria’s intelligence service, the Department of Intelligence and Security, and involved contracts with Italy’s Saipem and Germany’s Contel Funkwerk. Founded soon after independence from France in 1962, Sonatrach has made much of the country’s wealth in recent years. The scandal was seen as part of a score-settling between the intelligence agency and President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who had close ties to the accused.

The scandal came to be known as Sonatrach-1 after investigators in 2010 revealed a second set of charges, targeting the then energy minister Chakib Khelil, also a close associate of the president. Italian prosecutors have already filed charges against domestic companies involved in the case, accused of paying out more than $200 million in bribes to Algerian officials.

Former officials with Sonatrach have said the company is used as a source of funds by those in power, and a former company executive has estimated that the country loses between $3 and $6 billion annually to corruption in the oil sector alone. Algeria’s economy, which relies almost entirely on oil and gas exports, has been shaken by the low oil prices in recent months.