Economy, Business And Markets

Bloomberg: Iran’s 20% Yields Tempt Foreign Investors

Bloomberg: Iran’s 20% Yields Tempt Foreign InvestorsBloomberg: Iran’s 20% Yields Tempt Foreign Investors

Its economy is growing faster than almost any other in the Middle East, its bonds pay twice as much as Russia’s and Turkey’s, and it has reined in runaway inflation.

Iran is proving a draw for some foreigners with yields exceeding 20% on about $4.5 billion of short-term securities sold by state and private borrowers, Bloomberg reported.

The country’s reintegration into the global economy following almost a decade of international sanctions is creating opportunities for investors willing to shoulder the risk, according to Charlemagne Capital Ltd.

The London-based money manager partnered with a Tehran firm last year to add the country’s bonds to its holdings, taking comfort from repayment guarantees provided by Iranian underwriters.

“I can’t think of anywhere mainstream of any significant size where you’ve got the expectation of a stable currency together with very high yields,” said Dominic Bokor-Ingram, a money manager at Charlemagne, declining to disclose his holdings.

“The opportunity may have a short shelf life since benchmark interest rates in Iran, now at 20%, are bound to fall as inflation decelerates.”

The end to Iran’s international isolation has spawned partnerships such as Charlemagne’s in the country of 80 million people, whose economy is set to grow 5% annually over the next two years, faster than any regional peer after Libya and twice the rate of Saudi Arabia, according to World Bank forecasts.

France’s Total SA and Telecom Italia SpA are among European companies developing trade links with the Islamic Republic. Equity trading by foreigners has jumped tenfold to 500 billion rials ($16.6 million) since sanctions were lifted last month, according to Tehran Stock Exchange.

The allure of Iran’s debt market is also likely to pick up as the country moves closer to securing credit ratings that will allow it to issue Eurobonds.

Fourteen years after Moody’s withdrew its speculative score of B2, the government said it is talking to international ratings firms for new grades.

In a bid to deepen its domestic market, Iran issued 400 billion rials of Treasury bills that comply with Islamic law available for trade in September. While the price of those zero-coupon notes can change, corporate and state-linked securities have fixed interest, according to Charlemagne’s co-manager Turquoise Partners and Agah Group in Tehran. Payments are guaranteed by the underwriting bank, they said.

  Real Yields

“These are state-owned or former state-owned banks that we expect to be around for a long time,” Bokor-Ingram said. “You don’t have huge issuance because yields are so high and particularly, real yields are so high.”

Real yields are payments an investor can expect after inflation of 13.2% is stripped out. The rate has decelerated from 40% in 2013, compared with the central bank benchmark Turquoise says is 20%.

As policymakers bring that rate more in line with inflation, bond yields will drop.

Turquoise estimates the equivalent of $3 billion of debt securities are listed on Iran’s bourses, while official estimates put the figure at approximately $4.5 billion when sovereign bonds are included.

“New notes are issued at a maximum rate of 1 percentage point above the benchmark interest rate, while the older securities yield more,” said Radman Rabii, vice president of international clients at Turquoise.

  Legal Thicket

Investing in Iran still requires a leap of faith because some US sanctions remain, said Chrisol Correia, director of anti-money laundering at LexisNexis Risk Solutions in London.

He cited legal obstacles, such as determining the ultimate beneficial owner of a company issuing corporate debt and whether it’s linked to an entity that’s not exempt from the penalties.

While a majority of those sanctions were removed in January, restrictions remain in place on about 200 businesses and individuals, some of them connected to listed companies.

“It can be difficult in the best of times” to untangle corporate structures, he said. “In Iran, there are still questions over how accessible information is going to be.”

  Rial Risk

Iran is betting there will be appetite for its debt and has pushed ahead with efforts to issue $1.5 billion in Treasury bills and plans to sell a further $300 million by March 20, Securities and Exchange Organization Chairman Mohammad Fetanat said in an interview in Tehran this month.

Iran Oil Pension Fund Investment Company announced in January plans to sell a four-year rial bond, with an annual yield of 21%. Five-year Russian and Turkish local bonds offer 10.39 and 10.57%, respectively.

A key risk is the potential depreciation in the local currency, which Behrad Ebrahimi, head of trading at Agah Group, said may weaken this year after outperforming other emerging-market currencies during an oil slump. The currency, which is managed against a basket, has fallen 2.1% compared with 20% for Russia’s ruble in the past six months.

“There are risks, but you have higher returns,” Ebrahimi said by phone from Tehran.