Domestic Economy
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Agro Modernization Critical

Agriculture accounts for around 90% of total water usage in Iran
Because Iran is mostly arid, the agricultural sector relies on underground water resources to continue production.Because Iran is mostly arid, the agricultural sector relies on underground water resources to continue production.
Unfortunately, in Iran, the scientific agricultural community is usually disconnected from farmers

Iran has been facing acute water scarcity since past many years. 
The effects of warming climate and lower precipitation over the years have exacerbated the problem, but it cannot be fully blamed on meager or inconsistent rainfall. 
The human factor, especially mismanagement, is the strongest cause for what Iran is facing now, reads an article penned by Sirous Amerian, PhD candidate and graduate assistant at the Centre for Defense and Security Studies, Massey University in New Zealand. 
Excerpts of the article, which was recently published by American think tank The Atlantic Council, follow:
Iran is a dry country with around 250 mm of rain annually. One would think, when it comes to locating key industries, and especially water-hungry ones such as steel or ceramic tiles, the availability of water would be taken into account, but unfortunately that has not happened. 
For many years, candidates for parliament have managed to get elected by promising to bring factories to their cities. Bigger cities with more members of parliament tend to have more clout. So it’s no surprise that many factories are located around major metropolises such as Isfahan.

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