Domestic Economy
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Putting Iran’s Demographic, Economic Growth Into Perspective

Iran’s 2016-17 GDP was about 1.8 times that of 1976-77, but per capita GDP was 76% of per capita GDP in March 1976-77
The rise in working-age population on the one hand and the decline in investment rate due to the increase in the number of households on the other hand would explain the roots of one of the super challenges facing Iran’s economy: unemployment.The rise in working-age population on the one hand and the decline in investment rate due to the increase in the number of households on the other hand would explain the roots of one of the super challenges facing Iran’s economy: unemployment.

Growth in population without concurrent economic growth cannot benefit the country from the so-called demographic “window of opportunity”—the period in which the working-age population is growing and the young cohort decreasing, while the old cohort is still small.
Speaking at the University of Tehran’s Faculty of Social Sciences, Masoud Nili, president’s top economic advisor, said the demographic window of opportunity would open to production and employment, only if adequate investment is available. If not, population growth would, paradoxically, have severe repercussions. 
 

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