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Debate on Fichte's Doctrine at Book City

Debate on Fichte's Doctrine at Book CityDebate on Fichte's Doctrine at Book City

Doctrine of Scientific Knowledge (Wissenschaftslehre), written by German philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814) will be discussed on Tuesday July 26 at the Cultural Center of Book City Institute located in Tehran's Ahmad Qasir's Street.

The meeting starts at 4:30 pm, and is open to all enthusiasts.

Translated into Persian by Seyed Masoud Husseini, a translator of philosophical works, the doctrine was published in Iran last month by Tehran-based publishing firm Hekmat, ISNA reported.

Husseini will participate in the debate. Another participant is Seyed Mohammad Reza Beheshti, assistant professor at the University of Tehran's Department of Philosophy, and head of the Department of Philosophy and Theosophy at the Iranian Academy of Arts.

Meysam Sefidkhosh of Tehran's Shahid Beheshti University, Faculty of Theology and Religions, will also take part in the discussions. He is a researcher with expertise in philosophy of science, aesthetics and metaphysics.

  Transcendental Idealism

Fichte is a major figure in the period between other German philosophers Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831).

He was initially considered one of Kant's most talented followers. Inspired by theoretical and ethical writings of Kant, he developed his own systematic version of transcendental idealism, called 'Wissenschaftslehre' in the final decade of the 18th century.

Fichte based his entire system on the bare concept of subjectivity, or consciousness. During his career at Germany's University of Jena (1794-1799), Fichte expanded the concept and developed an elaborate transcendental system, embracing philosophy of science, ethics, philosophy of law or 'right' and philosophy of religion.

His influence waned toward the end of his life, and Hegel's subsequent dominance relegated Fichte to the status of a transitional figure whose thought helped to explain the development of German idealism from Kant's 'Critical' philosophy to Hegel's philosophy of 'Spirit'.

Today, however, Fichte is more correctly seen as an important philosopher in his own right due to his original insights into the nature of self-consciousness or self awareness.