World Economy

Economists Ask Abe to Focus on Regulatory Reforms

Economists Ask Abe to Focus on Regulatory ReformsEconomists Ask Abe to Focus on Regulatory Reforms

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe ought to prioritize regulatory reforms, according to economists in a monthly Reuters poll whose forecasts show they remain pessimistic on prospects for the pace of inflation to pick up in coming years.

After reshuffling his cabinet last week in an effort to shore up sinking public support, Abe said the economy remains his top priority. He repeated that he will seek to engineer a positive cycle of higher corporate profits, prices and wages.

The new cabinet lineup, announced after a series of gaffes and missteps by Abe’s government, gave a lift to his support. But Japan is still faced with prospects of sluggish economic growth and no meaningful pickup in inflation.

In the poll, Japan’s economy is forecast to expand by 1.4% in this fiscal year, which ends in March 2018, and just 1.1% next year. Core inflation is seen averaging 0.6% this year and 0.8% next, well short of the Bank of Japan’s 2% target.

A majority of analysts polled by Reuters Aug. 1-9 also said Abe should proceed swiftly with deregulation, but there was doubt he will do so.

“Bold deregulation, which is a part of (Abe’s) growth strategy, has not progressed much and the government needs to work on that,” said Takumi Tsunoda, senior economist at Shinkin Central Bank.

“To encourage liquidity in the labor market is an important policy, which could support the potential growth rate and also would help raise wages,” he said.

Of 31 economists who answered an additional question on what Abe should do to regain public trust, 18 said he should focus on regulatory reforms.

Among those respondents, 11 cited a need to reform to Japan’s restrictive labor market, while six said the government should prioritize reforms in the medical and elderly care system. One said Abe should encourage introducing better technology and artificial intelligence to Japanese industry.

To a separate question on what Abe was likely to do, a majority of respondents--23 of 34—predicted the prime minister will focus on investment in human resources development and education. Only five thought he will make regulatory reforms a priority.

In the Reuters poll, 31 out of 35 analysts forecast the Bank of Japan’s next move will be to start unwinding its ultra-easy monetary policy. Four said the BoJ will adopt more easing measures.

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