World Economy

IMF Warns Pakistan of Economic Instability

The government must develop plans to revive exports.
The government must develop plans to revive exports.

Pakistan’s macroeconomic stability earned in the past three years could be undermined if the country fails to continue with its reforms, the IMF has warned, amid the political tension over the sensitive Panama Papers case.

Resident representative of the International Monetary Fund to Pakistan Tokhir Mirzoev said, “The moment of opportunity earned through the stabilization program is a hard-earned opportunity to advance deeper structural transformation of the economy to ensure future stability,” PTI reported.

Mirzoev cautioned that the present trends could undermine macroeconomic stability “if the reforms do not continue”.

The warning came amidst looming political instability in the run up to a verdict in the high-profile Panama Papers case against beleaguered Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his family for alleged corruption and money laundering.

The Supreme Court Friday reserved its judgment in the case after concluding the hearings. It is not clear if the verdict would unleash chaos in the country.

The Panama Papers last year revealed that Sharif sons and daughter owned offshore companies which managed their family’s properties. The assets in question include four expensive flats in Park Lane, London.

He said the key trends were widening of the current account deficit and a still vulnerable fiscal framework.

Pakistani economy has made progress in the last three years. The IMF has projected that Pakistan’s economy will continue to grow at a healthy pace in 2017 and 2018. The IMF had raised its GDP growth forecast for Pakistan for FY 2017 from 4.7 to 5% and projected GDP growth of 5.5%.

Noting that the budgeted revenue would require a “significant effort”, Mirzoev said the decline in reserves and the growing current account deficit were sources of concern. “Currently the economy is flying on one engine and that engine is importing sectors, while the second engine of exports is lagging,” he said.

Mirzoev said that the greater exchange rate flexibility will help rectify this imbalance, but beyond that, the government will need to engage with the exporter community more proactively to develop the plans to revive exports.

“Adding more generation capacity to the system is crucial, but more generation without reforming a leaky distribution system could add to the circular debt and may compromise long-term sustainability of new energy projects. In this context, finding a permanent solution to power sector arrears will be critical in the period ahead,” Mirzoev said when asked about the nature of the reforms to be undertaken.

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